This romantic painting of Edward Hammond Hargraves (1816--1891) shows him acknowledging the cheers of grateful gold miners, in front of a mountain range, presumably the Blue Mountains
An old photo of William Tom (1791--1883) and the 'California Cradle' he constructed to start the Gold Rush, although it would be decades before he, his sons, and John Hardman Lister achieved the recognition they deserved.
John Hardman Lister (1828--1890). It was he who showed Hargraves the location of the goldfield, and he and the Toms who actually found payable gold, but it was Hargraves that received the fame and a 10,000 pound reward from the government.
S. T. Gill's famous drawings: at left the road to the goldfields, at right, Chinese diggers at their labour
West of the Divide, far from Warrimoo, gold rush towns sprang up around and beyond Ophir, at Sofala, Hill End, Mudgee, Young (Lambing Flat), Forbes, Parkes, Grenfell and Gulgong along with many other, smaller fields. The traffic across the ‘
Sir John Robertson (1816--1891). Despite being a large pastoralist himself, the NSW Premier realised the need for fairer land distribution, and introduced his 'Land Acts' in 1861.
'Selectors' pegging out their blocks, which could be as large as 320 acres (130 hectares) and which cost One Pound per acre. They were obliged to live on the block for three years, and to make "improvements" to it, which generally meant clearing.
Lapstone escarpment as seen from 'Emu Plains Road'--this was Emu Plains while there were still emus present--as painted by an early colonial observer, Augustus Earle.
Kangaroos feeding at Euroka Clearing, near Glenbrook--Darug and Gundungarra clans maintained cleared grassy areas by controlled burning, but they also sustained forested areas in a 'patchwork' fashion.
Three proud descendants who have done much to promote awareness of the continuing vibrancy of Darug and Gundungarra culture: Aunties Joan Cooper, Dawn Colless and Betty Locke
|The most prominent locomotive to have operated on the Blue Mountains, the 'G-23' --as seen at the Powerhouse Museum, Sydney|
|Bust of John Whitton--'Father of the NSW Railways'--at Central Station, Sydney|
|Victoria Bridge, over the Nepean River at Penrith. Whitton designed the bridge for rail and vehicular traffic, and construction of the piers began in 1862|
The Engineer-in-Chief had deep faith in heavy rail, and his plans emanated from that. He designed the
|Building a bridge over a river the size of the Nepean was no easy feat in the 1860's--piers had to be built on a solid foundation, and sandstone blocks were quarried from Lapstone escarpment and carted to the site.|
|An artist's impression of the 'Great' or Lithgow Zig-Zag as it looked upon completion--the viaduct arches are a stunning testament of Blue Mountains architecture|
|A gradient profile of the Lapstone escarpment, showing where the tunnel ultimately by-passed the Zig-Zag, from Railway West Chronicles, p.27|
|Building the Blue Mountains' railroad. Note that it is single track. The labour shortage in NSW was so acute that the govt. paid the fares of 500 'navvies' enlisted in England to help build the line--from When We Rode The Rails, p. 40|
|Given the rugged terrain and the basic 'Pulling and Lifting' power available to workers, the line was completed with amazing rapidity.|
|The Railways always referred to the area as 'Karabar', but NSW Lands Dept. oscillated between the 'r' and the 'h' spelling, as evidenced in Survey Maps and this sign.|
The 100ft (30 metres) platform was positioned at the
The G-23 loco emerges from a cutting at Woodford in 1867, pulling the standard number of two carriages. The two smaller 'bogey' wheels at the front allowed speedier travel around curves--from a sketchbook by 'Mountains artist, Jo Booker
|Thousands of Railway workers now experienced life in the Blue Mountains. Most lived in 'tent cities', and some even successfully experimented with market gardening near the tracks, as shown in this photograph--from When We Rode The Rails, p 41.|
|The line as it would've looked passing through 'Karabar', prior to the platform. A plan for residential development was soon to follow--photo from When We Rode The Rails, p.41|
A second volunteer regiment was raised in 1860, after the withdrawal of British forces was confirmed. This force consisted of one troop of mounted rifles, three batteries of artillery, and twenty companies of infantry. Two years later more artillery batteries were added. The force was reorganised by the Volunteer Regulation Act of 1867.
The withdrawal of British forces from
|The insignia of the 'Royal NSW Regiment', the first volunteer force struck in the colony. If a soldier served for five years or more, he could be rewarded with a Crown Land Grant under the Volunteer Regulation Force Act of 1867|
|Somers took his claims upon the Minister for Lands here, to the NSW Parliament in Macquarie Street. The Minister at the time of the 'Karabar Grants' was Sir James Hoskins|
|This is the home of William H. Pinhey's future wife, Laura Fitzstubbs. At another imposing institution on Glebe Point Road, William was receiving a thorough Christian education at the hands of the Rev. John Pendrill|
|William H. Pinhey as a young man|
|Laura A. Fitzstubbs, future wife of William H. Pinhey, aged four and a half|
|Laura Pinhey, in her classically Victorian wedding dress, on her wedding day in 1876, and...|
|...her husband. The couple moved to Tamworth for William H. to take up the position of Manager of the C.B.C. Bank. While there, Laura had three children and William bought and developed his 50 acres at Karabar.|
|A youthful Rosinha Pinhey|
|The indomitable 'Madame Marchese', operatic instructress extraordinaire. She showed the young chanteuse the glories of Europe and prepared her for the stage|
|Sydney's answer to Dame Nellie Melba: Rosine 'Sydna' (Pinhey), seen here in the costume of a character from the opera 'Carmen'. Rosine toured Europe, returned to Australia, then emigrated to the USA, where her career appears to have petered out|
|William and Laura's youngest son, Roydon Hoadley Pinhey, who struck out to Rockhampton to build his own career...|
|Roydon Hoadley Pinhey in the uniform of the AIF, prior to embarkation. He survived Gallipoli, but was blown to bits on the battlefield of Pozieres in 1916|
|William H. Pinhey photographed in later life, taking tea in the garden. He was the epitome of the successful Australian bourgeois, but he died alone in 1948, at 100 years of age, his family all gone|
|'Chatswood', the Pinhey home in Manly, which they presumably moved into after they had moved from Strathfield. The massive size of this Victorian era mansion is proportioned by the size of the young man at the front doorway|
|Map of the first 'Karabar Estate'. Note the position of the 'Platform' (station) at the western side of The Avenue, and two 'gates' allowing the Great Western Highway to cross the railroad |
Other stories allude to timbergetters and orchardists setting up within reach of Karabar station, but the presence of such industries is really only certain around the period of the First World War onwards.
|Immigration Record 1886--Thomas Smiley is the fourth entry from the top. Note that he is English, 27 years of age, and single.|
|Same day, same location, but minus Mary and child. By the way Bill Lockley is holding the python, it is still alive (Photo courtesy of BMCC 'Images Collection)|
Unescorted women bicycling through the 'Mountains was still a rare sight at the turn of the century, but the suffragette movement had encouraged womens' independence. If they did ride through Karabar, they would surely have used the 'Cyclists' Guide'
At the turn of the century, ‘Warrimoo’ was a place waiting to happen.
58] CAMERON B.,